• Campus Security Authority (The Handbook for Campus Safety & Security Reporting 2016 Edition): Clery Act-specific term that encompasses four groups of individuals and organizations associated with an institution.
    • A campus police department or a campus security department of an institution. If your institution has a campus police or security department, all individuals who work for that department are campus security authorities. A security department can be as small as one person.
    • Any individual or individuals who have responsibility for campus security but who do not constitute a campus police department or a campus security department (e.g., an individual who is responsible for monitoring the entrance into institutional property). Include individuals such as those who provide security at a campus parking kiosk, monitor access into a campus facility, act as event security, such as for sporting events or large, registered parties, or escort students around campus after dark (including other students).
    • Any individual or organization specified in an institution’s statement of campus security policy as an individual or organization to which students and employees should report criminal offenses. As mentioned in Chapter 1, your institution must publish a number of safety- and security-related policy statements. (These are discussed in Chapters 7 and 8.) If you direct the campus community to report criminal incidents to anyone or any organization in addition to police or security-related personnel, that individual or organization is a campus security authority.
    • An official of an institution who has significant responsibility for student and campus activities, including, but not limited to, student housing, student discipline and campus judicial proceedings. An official is defined as any person who has the authority and the duty to take action or respond to particular issues on behalf of the institution.
    • Examples of individuals (outside of a police or security department) who generally meet the criteria for being campus security authorities include:
      • a dean of students who oversees student housing, a student center or student extracurricular activities;
      • a director of athletics, all athletic coaches (including part-time employees and graduate assistants);
      • a faculty advisor to a student group;
      • a student resident advisor or assistant;
      • a student who monitors access to dormitories or buildings that are owned by recognized student organizations;
      • a coordinator of Greek affairs;
      • a Title IX coordinator;
      • an ombudsperson (including student ombudspersons);
      • the director of a campus health or counseling center;
      • victim advocates or others who are responsible for providing victims with advocacy services, such as assisting with housing relocation, disciplinary action or court cases, etc.;
      • members of a sexual assault response team (SART) or other sexual assault advocates; and
      • officers from local law enforcement who are contracted by the institution to provide campus safety-related services.
    • If your institution directs students or employees to report crimes to other individuals, then those individuals are also CSAs. These individuals could include:
      • physicians in a campus health center;
      • counselors, including peer counselors (except for professional or pastoral counselors addressed later in this chapter); and
      • health educators, including peer health educators.
    • Examples of individuals who would not meet the criteria for being campus security authorities include:
      • a faculty member who does not have any responsibility for student and campus activity beyond the classroom; and
      • clerical or cafeteria staff
      • Pastoral counselor: A person who is associated with a religious order or denomination, is recognized by that religious order or denomination as someone who provides confidential counseling, and is functioning within the scope of that recognition as a pastoral counselor.
      • Professional counselor: A person whose official responsibilities include providing mental health counseling to members of the institution’s community and who is functioning within the scope of the counselor’s license or certification. This definition applies even to professional counselors who are not employees of the institution, but are under contract to provide counseling at the institution.